Clubs seek court ruling on smoking bans, but federal judge rules they can’t overturn gay marriage
«A ruling that gay marriage bans are unconstitutional … is a landmark moment for gay people as their freedoms are restored,» said Brian Br바카라own, president of the Human Rights Campaign, which supports gay marriage but opposes the bans.
A federal judge has ruled that the same-sex marriages performed nationwide ovjarvees.comer the past several years are legal, sending the cases to a three-judge panel. If all three judge agree that the bans on same-sex weddings are unconstitutional, it could set in motion a process that would eventually see gay marriage legalized nationwide.
As the case plays out, the issue of who owns the rights to the name «gay» has become the biggest flash point.
While the U.S. Supreme Court has generally ruled that corporations could not refuse service to gays in federal buildings, the lower courts have disagreed.
The courts began to shift power away from the government by the Supreme Court’s 2005 ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. The decision opened the door to unlimited spending on elections.
In December 2012, U.S. District Judge George A. O’Brien of Michigan dismissed the constitutional challenge brought by The Windsor Foundation, a nonprofit that represents gay and lesbian citizens of Michigan, from refusing service to same-sex couples there.
He found that the organization is not a «person» because it is separate from the state, a finding he used in two other court decisions.
He said such separate rights in the name of marriage were not «substantial» enough for it to create a threat to the nation’s «core values» of equal protection of the law and property rights under the law.
«Courts today are deciding it is unconstitutional to give businesses the right to deny services in the name of business as a matter of principle,» Brown said in a statement after O’Brien’s ruling. «This ruling goes one step further and puts all three circuits of U.S. appeals courts on notice that businesses can and will ignore a federal law that they don’t like.»
The Windsor Foundation responded to the rul더킹카지노ing in a statement by saying that it stands by its claim that the right to marry the person «is a fundamental American right and not a matter of commercial considerations.»
«If this decision stands,» the group said, «the U.S. Supreme Court will have no choice but to rule that corporations cannot be prevented from telling customers what they can and can’t have for lunch.